Lead Story… We spend a lot of time talking about the San Francisco housing markets and rightfully so: it’s a microcosm of all that is wrong with restrictive zoning in closed access US cities and the poster child for NIMBY obstructionism. As such, San Francisco has managed to overshadow another North American market that is incredibly expensive and getting worse: Vancouver, BC Year-over year, Vancouver’s benchmark housing index is up 30% to just under $900k while single family detached house prices increased a whopping 40% to $1.374MM (in US dollars) in a city where median household income is around $67k in US dollars – San Francisco is in the $82k range. So how does an MSA with such a low median household income (one of the lowest of major Canadian cities) end up with a median home price that is among the highest? 1) Massive levels of housing demand from wealthy foreign investors, especially from China; and 2) Highly restrictive zoning that makes it difficult to add enough housing units to satisfy that demand. One critical distinction between SF and Vancouver is that much of Vancouver’s foreign purchases appear to be for investment purposes only while SF real estate has clearly benefited from the tech boom and it’s highly compensated workforce. This, combined with the inability to build enough new units for residents, is leaving Vancouver with empty units that transact for nosebleed prices. The increase in value was so extreme last year that at least one mathematician estimated that the rising land value of single family homes accounted for more than the entire employment income in the City of Vancouver and now over 90% of detached houses there are worth over $1MM.
Foreign buyers have come under increasing scrutiny of late for the impact that they are having on the worlds most expensive real estate markets. Some of it is justified. For example, the US Treasury department now requires that title insurance companies report the people behind shell companies on all-cash purchases over a certain level in NY and Miami in order to curtail money laundering. Others like Great Britain, which increased the stamp duty on second home purchases by 3% and raised taxes on more expensive homes in an effort to drive down demand. Few places though, have considered responding as harshly as Vancouver, which is considering a tax on vacant homes. From the South China Morning Post:
Vancouver’s mayor Gregor Robertson says he is considering the introduction of a tax on empty homes, amid a roiling debate in the city about the role of Chinese money and offshore investors in North America’s most unaffordable real estate market.
In an interview with Bloomberg TV on Tuesday, Robertson said he was “looking at new regulation and a carrot-and-stick approach to making sure that houses aren’t empty in Vancouver,” including a tax on vacant homes. “If you’re not using your property – either living in it or renting it out – then you have to pay more tax. Because effectively it’s a business holding, and should be taxed accordingly.”
There is a very substantial difference between adding to transaction costs or requiring ownership disclosures, as the US and Britain are doing and what Vancouver’s mayor proposed here. The steps taken by the US and Britain either increase transaction costs or regulatory paperwork in an effort to slow demand from a certain buying segment. The Vancouver proposal takes a very different approach: it would actually increase the holding cost of foreign-owned (but unoccupied) real estate by imposing a different tax structure. This isn’t limited to the purchase transaction, instead its a recurring annual cost. More from the South China Morning Post:
A tax targeting vacant properties was proposed by dozens of economists in January.The BC Housing Affordability Fund, which has been pitched to both the City and British Columbia provincial government, would impose a 1.5 per cent annual tax (based on home price) on owners who either left homes vacant or had “limited economic or social ties to Canada”.
BCHAF proponent Tom Davidoff, an economist at the University of British Columbia, said it was unclear if Robertson’s remarks on Tuesday referred to his group’s proposal. “We talked to the city and they gave us a good listen,” he said.
“I would hope that any vacancy tax would cover the bigger issue here which is not paying taxes here and not being a landlord [either],” said Davidoff, whose group’s proposal would also tax people who under-utilised properties as a “pied-a-terre”, and those whose primary breadwinner paid little or no income tax in Canada – so-called “astronaut families”.
This strikes me as the quickest way to cause an exodus of foreign capital from a given real estate market because, unlike the US and British solutions, it would not just apply to new purchases. It is also rife with the potential for unintended consequences. For example, who is to say if a property is under-utilized? Who actually gets to make that distinction and is there a hard and fast rule that could be applied. If you were a foreign (or domestic for that matter) investor or homeowner who had a house there and you knew that costs were about to go up a proposed 1.5% a year based on home price (not unsubstantial on a million dollar home) would you hang around to see how it was implemented? This type of tax could send foreign investors rushing towards the exit before a glut of supply hits the market as investors seek friendlier locales in which to invest. At least it appears as if cooler heads are prevailing at the provincial and national level. Again from the South China Morning Post:
Both Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and BC Premier Christy Clark have said they worry that taking steps to curtail foreign ownership in Vancouver could imperil the equity of existing owners.
I hope that Prime Minister Trudeau and Premier Clark’s logic prevails as this would be an incredibly dumb way to tank a real estate market and the collateral economic damage done to existing homeowners would be all too real. In all of the talk about how to bring Vancover’s prices under control, it seems as if no one (or at least very few people) are proposing a real solution: relaxing restrictive zoning codes so that more units could be built to meet demand. Ultimately, that’s the only way to avoid what some are now calling a bubble. Rather, we get more of the same convoluted restrictions, subsidies and taxes that don’t solve the actual problem and often do more harm than good. The Vancouver mayor’s proposal is a tanking strategy that would make even the shittiest NBA team blush. Let’s that American cities with a large number of foreign investors don’t follow the example.
Tailwind: Per Calculated Risk, the largest population cohorts in the US are now 20-24 and 25-29 which is positive for the economy in general and housing in particular as young people begin to form households.
Brexit Breakdown: By now you probably know that UK residents voted to leave the EU, sending stock prices down the toilet around the globe and spurring demand for safe haven assets like treasuries and gold. The betting markets got this one dead wrong as did pollsters and most government officials. Despite the crazy market response, nothing will really change from a trade standpoint in the near-term and there is already a movement underway to try to reverse the referendum. Either way, nothing is going to happen until this fall when British PM David Cameron resigns. Here’s a quick roundup of what people far more knowledgeable than I are saying:
Tyler Cowen on why the Brexit happened and what it means.
George Soros on the future of Europe and why it might have more issues than Britain.
Gabriel Roth on why the actual Brexit might not ever actually happen
The BBC on the high likelihood of another Scottish independence vote as a result of the Brexit outcome.
See Also: S&P and Fitch downgrade UK credit rating.
Best House on a Bad Block: The US economy looks likely to weather the Brexit storm even if it puts the Fed on hold for a while longer.
Winner, Winner, Chicken Dinner: How US REITs could benefit from the Brexit.
Trade of the Century: The story of how George Soros’ Quantum Fund made trade of the century by breaking the British pound is especially fascinating today in light of recent world events.
Green Monsters: Avocado theft is on the rise.
Please Make it Stop: Enough with the stupid Millennial surveys already.
Chart of the Day
The US Demographic Tailwind
|Population: Largest 5-Year Cohorts by Year|
|1||45 to 49 years||20 to 24 years||25 to 29 years||35 to 39 years|
|2||50 to 54 years||25 to 29 years||30 to 34 years||40 to 44 years|
|3||15 to 19 years||50 to 54 years||35 to 39 years||30 to 34 years|
|4||20 to 24 years||55 to 59 years||Under 5 years||25 to 29 years|
|5||25 to 29 years||30 to 34 years||55 to 59 years||5 to 9 years|
|6||40 to 44 years||15 to 19 years||20 to 24 years||10 to 14 years|
|7||10 to 14 years||45 to 49 years||5 to 9 years||Under 5 years|
|8||5 to 9 years||10 to 14 years||60 to 64 years||15 to 19 years|
|9||Under 5 years||5 to 9 years||15 to 19 years||20 to 24 years|
|10||35 to 39 years||35 to 39 years||10 to 14 years||45 to 49 years|
|11||30 to 34 years||40 to 44 years||50 to 54 years||50 to 54 years|
Source: Calculated Risk
Video of the Day / Attempted Darwin Award: It’s exceedingly rare that an attempted Darwin Award gets caught on video. This past weekend, two morons attempted to surf a 20 + foot swell at The Wedge in Newport Beach on a rental jet ski despite being warned repeatedly by lifeguards to stay away. It went horribly wrong with the jet ski ending up on top of the Newport Jetty before nearly sinking while getting swept out to sea as Newport’s lifeguards and local Wedge veterans saved the riders from their own epic stupidity. No word on whether or not they got their deposit back. Looks like it’s time to add some more chlorine to the gene pool.
Can You Spot the Irony? A man named Ronald McDonald was shot outside a Sonic in New York.
I’d Rather Eat My Shoe: Burger King recently introduced something called Mac N’ Cheetos. The race to the bottom for the American fast food industry continues with no end in sight.
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